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Real Learning believes in the importance of continued learning and self-improvement for educators, especially in Montessori education. That’s why we offer a Montessori library that gives educators access to a vast range of Montessori resources, including research papers and articles.

Children of the Earth’ Architecture and Activism – Sharon Caldwell

Namma Bhoomi as an Exemplar of the Erkinder Vision

This article read how Namma Bhoomi, a school and home for teenagers who have suffered abuse and exploitation, revolutionised education and created a new world for its students. Through their Appropriate Education Program, students learned academic studies, practical skills, cultural pursuits, and traditional skills such as basket weaving, leatherwork, local pottery techniques, and sustainable organic agriculture. The students also learned about activism and governance as part of their curriculum and paid for their education through labour.

Children of the Earth’ Architecture and Activism – Sharon Caldwell

Age Groupings, Class Size and Adult to Child Ratios – Sharon Caldwell

A discussion document for formulating best practice guidelines

Learn about the benefits and guidelines for mixed-age groups in Montessori schools. Discover how multi-age classrooms promote independence, academic growth, and social/emotional development. Explore how to modify the curriculum to encourage teamwork and project-based learning. See how nongraded curricula and mixed-age groups facilitate peer tutoring and Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development. Finally, learn how Montessori classrooms apply Maria Montessori’s Planes of Development theory and the different terms used to describe age grouping practices.

Age Groupings, Class Size and Adult to Child Ratios – Sharon Caldwell

Control of Error – Sharon Caldwell

For the Montessori Foundation

How can children become independent learners without traditional teaching methods? This article explores the Montessori method’s approach to control of error and how it fosters self-correction and independence in children. Learn how Montessori materials provide direct feedback and allow children to make mistakes in a safe and supportive environment, ultimately leading to advanced levels of control and mastery.

Control of Error – Sharon Caldwell

The Uninterrupted Work Cycle as a Critical Component of a Montessori-Prepared Environment – Sharon Caldwell

For the Montessori Foundation

This article delves into the idea of “work” in the Montessori context and how it differs from traditional concepts of work and play. Learn about the role of the teacher, uninterrupted periods of activity, and how children’s innate desire to learn can be nurtured in a Montessori environment. Discover how the Montessori method values the child’s inner drive and how this approach can lead to natural, self-disciplined learning.

The Uninterrupted Work Cycle as a Critical Component of a Montessori-Prepared Environment – Sharon Caldwell

Understanding Montessori Curriculum – Sharon Caldwell

Why It Is Important To Have an Understanding of Curriculum Theory in the Montessori Context

What does the term “curriculum” really mean in education? This article explores the confusion around the definition of curriculum, specifically in the context of Montessori education. The implementation of Montessori practices is examined, and the impact of teacher beliefs on student outcomes is discussed. Additionally, the article delves into the evolution of the concept of curriculum over time and the risks associated with adopting the language of the standards movement in education. Ultimately, the article argues that defining curriculum is a complex and nuanced task that requires careful consideration of one’s beliefs and values.

Understanding Montessori Curriculum – Sharon Caldwell

Thoughts on Freedom and Democracy in the Montessori Environment – Sharon E. Caldwell & Matthew Henry R. Rich

Excerpted from: Isaac Graves & Dana Matthew Bennis (eds) (2007) The directory of democratic education: 2nd edition. New York: Alternative Education Resource Organization.

Can education and politics be separated from one another? This article explores the relationship between Dr Montessori’s vision of education and political philosophy. It suggests that incorporating aspects of democratic schools into Montessori environments may be necessary to fulfil her vision. The article also delves into the concept of freedom in both Montessori and “democratic” environments and the need for alternative educators to have an open and ecumenical discourse.

Thoughts on Freedom and Democracy in the Montessori Environment – Sharon E. Caldwell & Matthew Henry R. Rich

How do we Judge Success? – Sharon Caldwell

While academic achievement is a desirable by-product, it is not the main focus of Montessori classrooms. Instead, integrating the personality, or “normalization” as Dr Montessori called it, is the primary goal. Follow the journey of one student who struggled with reading but eventually became a strong reader through the Montessori approach. Learn about the importance of acknowledging all successes, not just academic ones, and the evolution of Montessori education in different cultural contexts. This article offers a unique perspective on the true essence of Montessori education.

How do we Judge Success? – Sharon Caldwell

Tolerating Caterpillars – Sharon Caldwell

Tolerance and Inclusion in the Montessori Environment

How should conflicts in a Montessori classroom be handled? Should teachers intervene when a child displays aggression towards another, or should they let the children handle it themselves? This article explores different approaches to conflict resolution in a Montessori classroom and how they can help children develop critical social skills like tolerance and inclusion.

Tolerating Caterpillars – Sharon Caldwell

Workbooks – Sharon Caldwell

Is there a place for them in classic Montessori education?

The growing trend of using workbooks and worksheets in Montessori classrooms is explored in this thought-provoking article. Based on a compilation of responses from Montessori teachers, the article delves into the arguments for and against using these materials and how they fit into the Montessori pedagogy. Gain insights into the importance of applying fundamental principles of Montessori pedagogy when selecting materials for the classroom.

Workbooks – Sharon Caldwell

Montessori Education in a Time of Physical Distancing – Sharon Caldwell

How does a Pandemic affect Montessori Practice?


How can Montessori schools remain true to Maria Montessori’s principles while incorporating digital technology into their programs? This article explores the potential benefits and pitfalls of using digital technology in Montessori education and how it can be structured to meet the developmental needs of children. With adaptability as a key trait for survival, it’s time to ask the right questions to realize Cosmic Education in an increasingly interconnected world.

Montessori Education in a Time of Physical Distancing – Sharon Caldwell